The Role of Businesses and States in Violations Against Human Rights Defenders of the Rights to Land, Territory and the Environment

"Throughout the last decade, there has been a great expansion of large-scale economic projects in the Americas, including hydroelectric, extractive, agro-industrial, and logging projects and wind farms. These projects have led to social conflicts related to the defence of territories and natural resources and a failure to respect human rights. Defenders of the rights to land, territory, and the environment demand States observe due diligence in regard to the regulation of business activities, and that businesses seek consent from the communities affected by their projects. As a result defenders are attacked and threatened with frequency." 

This report complements and deepens the analysis provided orally at the public hearing entitled, The human rights situation of defenders of land and the environment in the context of extractive industries in the Americas, during the 156th session of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. The hearing was requested and this report produced by 39 civil society organizations from across the region, including AIDA.

This report provides an analysis of the situation in the Americas, drawing on documentation from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.