It is possible to propose real solutions to current problems.
The various crises facing humanity—climate, energy, food, environment, health—as well as the enormous inequalities that cause, and are deepened by, them can be overcome if we manage to rethink the systems in which we live.
In 2021, the energy sector contributed 73.2 percent of total global greenhouse gas emissions.
The current energy system, based on fossil fuels, is unequal and inequitable. It is concentrated in large private or state-owned companies, is particularly conflictive in terms of access to resources, and is closed to social participation in decision-making.
For these reasons, progress on the energy transition is urgent.
There is no single view of energy transition; it is a concept in dispute. Toward what? For whom? How?
Conservative views focus the transition on a process of technological substitution toward a change in the energy matrix focused on renewable resources and the search for energy efficiency.
On the other hand, the most complete proposals warn that a change in the energy matrix is necessary, but not enough.
They see the transition as a process of integral transformation, territorially situated and plural, which implies the creation of new socio-political conditions that restructure the organization, ownership and distribution of the current production and consumption systems. The goal is advancing the right to energy.
If we consider the transition as a systems change, it is essential to build another type of relationship between human beings, nature and means of production.
Based on the arguments of Pablo Bertinat, an expert on the subject, to walk this path in the region requires that we:
In conclusion, speaking of a just energy transition implies recovering energy as a tool to satisfy human needs in a context of finite resources and inequalities.
We must not start from scratch. Local communities, academic institutions, non-governmental organizations, social organizations and governments have already taken important steps towards a just, democratic and popular energy transition in the region.
With this momentum, the transition is not only desirable, but possible.